Learning disabilities are problems that affect the ability of the brain to process, receive, process, store, and analyze information. These problems will make it more difficult for a child to learn quickly, unlike someone who isn’t affected by learning disabilities.
A person with learning disabilities usually first show up when they have difficulty speaking, reading, writing, figuring out a math problem, communicating with a parent, or paying attention in class. The disabilities can be diagnosed early in school when a parent or a teacher notices that the child cannot follow directions for a game or is struggling to do work he or she should be able to do easily.
There are many kinds of learning disabilities. Most students affected by them have more than one kind. There are certain kinds of disabilities that can interfere with the ability of a person to focus or concentrate. It can also cause someone’s mind to wander too much.
There are two categories of learning disabilities; verbal and nonverbal. Those with verbal learning disabilities have a hard time dealing with spoken and written words. Dyslexia is the most common and best-known verbal learning disability. People who have this disability have trouble recognizing or processing letters and the sounds associated with them. Some may be able to read or write just fine but struggle with other aspects of language. They may be able to sound out a sentence or paragraph perfectly but they cannot make sense or understand what they are reading.
Nonverbal learning disabilities make people have difficulty in processing what they see. Visual details like numbers or letters on a blackboard may be difficult for them to interpret. They may, for example, confuse the plus sign with the sign for multiplication. It is also difficult for them to master abstract concepts like fractions.
It is extremely difficult to explain how our brain process information. The act of simply looking at a picture, the brain not only have to form the lines into an image, they also have to recognize what the image stands for, relate that image to other facts stored in our memories, and then store this new information.
With speech, we have to recognize the words, interpret their meaning, and figure out the significance of the statement to us. Several of these activities take place in separate parts of the brain, and linking all these information is all up to our mind.